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قديم 30-03-2010, 04:27PM
Umm Mohammad Umm Mohammad غير متواجد حالياً
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افتراضي The Concept of Faith With Ahlus-Sunnah

The Concept of Faith With Ahlus-Sunnah
Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-`Abbaad

harh Hadeeth Jibreel fee Ta’leem ad Deen: P: 70-73 / The Explanation of the Hadeeth of Jibreel in Teaching the Deen

Faith (Eemaan) with Ahlus-Sunnah Wal Jamaa'ah comprises of belief with the heart, statement of the tongue and action of the limbs. These three affairs with Ahlus-Sunnah all enter into what is specified and termed as Eemaan. Allaah the Mighty and the Majestic has said

"The believers are only those who, when Allaah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His verses are recited unto them, they (the verses) increase their faith, and they put their trust in their Lord. [Those] Who perform the prayer and spend out of that which We have provided them. It is they who are the believers in truth, for them are grades of dignity with their Lord and forgiveness and a generous provision." (Al-Anfaal: 2-4

So in these verses the actions of the hearts and the actions of the limbs enter into Eemaan. Imaam Muslim has narrated in his Saheeh from the Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah-may Allaah be pleased with him- who said that the Messenger of Allaah SAllaahu ‘Alihee Wasallam said:
"Al-Emaan is seventy odd or sixty odd branches, the best of them is the statement: No one is worthy of worship except Allaah and the lowest of them is removing something harmful from the path and Hayaa (shyness) is a branch of Eemaan."

So indeed this Hadeeth shows that what is established and founded with the heart, the tongue and the limbs is from Eemaan…

Eemaan increases with obedience and decreases with sins, from the evidences that it increases, is the statement of Allaah the Mighty, the Majestic:

Those (believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said: Verily the people have gathered against you, therefore fear them, but it only increased them in faith." (Al-Imraan: 173)

Also His statement

And when the believers saw the confederates they said: This is what Allaah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allaah and His Messenger had spoken the truth. And it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness." (Al-Ahzaab: 22).

And from the evidences that it (Eemaan) decreases is his statement SAllaahu ‘Alayhee Wasallam:

Whoever sees an evil from amongst you, then let him change it with his hand, and if he is unable, then with his tongue, and if he is unable then with his heart, and that is the weakest of Emaan." (narrated by Muslim)

So Ahlus-Sunnah hold the middle ground, with regards to the one who commits a major sin, between what the Murji'ah are upon and between what the Khawaarij and the Mu'tazilah are upon. So the Murji'ah compromise and fall short and make him (the one who falls into major sin) a believer with complete Eemaan and they say: Sins do not harm a person's state of Eemaan, just like obedience does not benefit a person's state of Kufr (disbelief). And the Khawaarij and the Mu'tazilah go to the other extreme and to exaggeration and remove him (the sinner) from the fold of Eemaan, then the Khawaarij place a ruling of Kufr upon him. The Mu'tazilah say that he is in a state between two states ( i.e. he is not a believer and not a Kaafir), and in the hereafter they both agree that he will reside in hellfire forever.

Where as Ahlus-Sunnah describe the sinful person, as being a believer with deficient Eemaan. So they do not make him a believer with complete Eemaan, as the Murji'ah say, nor do they remove him from Eemaan as the Khawaarij and the Mu'tazilah say. Rather Ahlus-Sunnah say:

He is a believer with regards to his Eemaan and a sinner with regards to his major sin."

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