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قديم 26-03-2011, 09:17PM
Umm Mohammad Umm Mohammad غير متواجد حالياً
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افتراضي What are the Different Classes of Believers

Essential Q & A Concerning the Foundations of Imaan and Obstacles in the Path of Imaan

By: Shaykh Abdur-Rahman As-Sa'dee (Rahimahullah)

What are the Different Classes of Believers?
Question 9 - Pgs. 31-32


There are 3 main types of believers:
*(footnotes in italics)

This chapter is an explanation of Allah's Statement - Surah Faatir 35:32


Then We caused Our chosen servants to inherit the Book. Among them are self-oppressors, among them are frugal ones, and from them are those who rush forth to perform good deeds, by the Permission of Allah

The author's reference to the 3 levels of believers found in this Verse is similar to Ibn Katheer's own explanation of it, and it is in accordance with what has been said by Ibn Abbas, Ibn Mas'ood, and others from the Companions, {May Allah be pleased with them.} Ibn Abbas {radiallahu anhu} said, "They are the Ummah (Nation) of Muhammad {alayhee salatul wasalaam}, the ones whom Allah caused to inherit all the books that He sent down. The oppressive one will be forgiven, the frugal one will be given an easy reckoning, and the one who rushed forth (to do good deeds) will enter Paradise with no reckoning." {Tafseer al-Qur'an al-'Atheem, 6/546}

This chapter serves to further clarify the falsehood of the beliefs of the Murji'ah and Khawaarij, and builds upon the previous 2 chapters. It refutes the Murji'ah since Allah has described the believers as being three distinctly different levels, destroying their false claim that Imaan is only one level. If Imaan is only one level, then how can it be that some believers are considered self-oppressors, and others are frugal, and others are those who rush forth to do good deeds? It is also a further refutation of the Khawaarij, since Allah has described some of the believers as being oppressors, and this oppression did not take them outside of the fold of Islaam.



1) Saabiqoon ilal-Khayraat - Those who rush to do good deeds:


Those who rush to do good deeds are those who perform both the obligatory and recommended deeds, while avoiding both the prohibited and disliked affairs


2) Muqtasidoon - Those who are frugal and selective


The frugal ones are those who restrict themselves to performing only those deeds that are obligatory, while avoiding only the prohibited affairs. *(footnotes in italics)

(i.e., Meaning that they fall into disliked affairs and leave off recommended deeds.)



3) Thaalimoon li-Anfusihim - Those who oppress themselves


Those who oppress themselves are those who mix good deeds with the bad ones. *(footnotes in italics)


*(Meaning that they fall into prohibited affairs and leave off obligations. In his Tafseer (6/546), Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) said, explaining these three categories of believers: "The self-oppressor falls short of performing his obligations and falls into some prohibited things. The frugal one performs his obligations and stays away from prohibited things; however he tends to abandon some of the recommended deeds and falls into some disliked things. The one who rushes to do good deeds performs both obligatory and recommended deeds, while staying away from both disliked and prohibited things




Last edited Done By Umm Mohammad ; 26-03-2011 at 09:24PM
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